According to the American Medical Association (AMA), in 1980, only 12% of US physicians were women but by 2010, 30% of physicians will be women. Currently almost 50% of first-year medical students in the US are women. In 2005, according to the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), 33,380 and 42,228 women were enrolled in US medical schools and residency training programs, respectively. Women comprise 32% of all full-time medical school faculty. The 38,000 faculty positions held by women in 2005 is an increase of almost 16,000 positions in just eight years.